Annapurna is a series of peaks in the Himalayas, a 55km (34mi)-long massif of which the highest point, Annapurna I, stands at 8,091metres (26,545ft), making it the 10th-highest summit in the world and one of the 14 "eight-thousanders". It is located east of a great gorge ( 2835'18?N 8349'11?E ) cut through the Himalayas by the Kali Gandaki River, which separates it from the Dhaulagiri massif. (Dhaulagiri I lies 34 km/21mi west of Annapurna I.) Annapur?a is a Sanskrit name which literally means "full of food" (feminine form), but is normally translated as Goddess of the Harvests . In Hinduism, Annapurna is a goddess of fertility and agriculture and an avatar of Durga. The entire massif and surrounding area are protected within the 7,629 sq. km Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP), the first and largest conservation area in Nepal, established in 1986 by the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation. The Annapurna Conservation Area is home to several world-class treks, including the Annapurna Circuit.

The Annapurna peaks are among the world's most dangerous mountains to climb, with a fatality rate of 40%.

Trip Facts & HNT's Climbing Itineraries
Other Peaks in the Region Book this Trip
Geography The Annapurna massif contains six major peaks over 7,200 m:

Annapurna I 8,091 m (26,545 ft) Ranked 10th; Prominence =2,894 m 2835'42''N 8349'08?E
Annapurna II 7,937 m (26,040 ft) Ranked 16th; Prominence=2,437 m 2832'20''N 8408'13'' E
Annapurna III 7,555 m (24,786 ft) Ranked 42nd; Prominence=703 m 2835'06?N 8400'00?E
Annapurna IV 7,525 m (24,688 ft) 2832'20?N 8405'13?E
Gangapurna 7,455 m (24,457 ft) Ranked 59th; Prominence=563 m 2836'22?N 8357'54?E
Annapurna South 7,219 m (23,684 ft) Ranked 101st; Prominence=775 m 2831'05?N 8348'22?E

(Note. Information about above mentioned articles and climbing history of the Mountain are collected from different free media sources and for HNT use only. It does not represent an official data so that if need to correct, we would be grateful to your suggestion & support.)

Climbing expeditions
Annapurna I
The south face of Annapurna I
Annapurna I was the first 8,000-metre (26,200ft) peak to be climbed. Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal, of a French expedition (including Lionel Terray, Gaston Rbuffat, Marcel Ichac, Jean Couzy, Marcel Schatz , Jacques Oudot , Francis de Noyelle ), reached the summit on 3 June 1950. (See the documentary of the expedition "Victoire sur l'Annapurna" by Marcel Ichac). Its summit was the highest summit attained on Earth for three years, until the first successful ascent of Mount Everest. (However higher non-summit pointsat least 8,500metres (27,900ft)had already been attained on Everest in the 1920s.) The south face of Annapurna was first climbed in 1970 by Don Whillans and Dougal Haston , members of a British expedition led by Chris Bonington which included the alpinist Ian Clough, who was killed by a falling ice-pillar during the descent. They were, however, beaten to the second ascent of Annapurna by a matter of days by a British Army expedition led by Henry Day.

In 1978, The American Women's Annapurna Expedition, a team led by Arlene Blum, became the first American team to climb Annapurna I. The expedition was also remarkable for being composed entirely of women. Alison Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz and Vera Watson died during this climb. (Vera Watson was the wife of computer scientist John McCarthy .)

On 3 February 1987, Polish climbers Jerzy Kukuczka and Artur Hajzer made the first winter ascent of Annapurna I.

With a fatality rate of 54%, and as of 2005, only 103 successful summits have been made, for the loss of 56 lives, many to the avalanches for which the mountain is known. Climbers killed on the peak include famed Russian climber Anatoli Boukreev in 1997, Christian Kuntner in 2005 and Iaki Ochoa in 2008 [2]

The first solo climb was October 2007 on the South Face by Slovenian climber Tomaz Humar.

The other peaks

Annapurna II, the eastern anchor of the range, was first climbed in 1960 by a British/Indian/Nepalese team led by Jimmy Roberts, via the West Ridge, approached from the north. The summit party comprised Richard Grant, Chris Bonington, and Sherpa Ang Nyima. In terms of elevation, isolation (distance to a higher summit, namely Annapurna I, 30.5km/19.0mi) and prominence (2,437m/8,000ft), Annapurna II does not rank far behind Annapurna I. It is a fully independent peak, despite the close association with Annapurna I which its name seems to imply.

Annapurna III was first climbed in 1961 by an Indian expedition led by Capt.Mohan Singh Kohli, via the Northeast Face. The summit party comprised Mohan Kohli , Sonam Gyatso, and Sonam Girmi.

Annapurna IV, near Annapurna II, was first climbed in 1955 by a German expedition led by Heinz Steinmetz, via the North Face and Northwest Ridge. The summit party comprised Steinmetz, Harald Biller, and Jrgen Wellenkamp.

Gangapurna was first climbed in 1965 by a German expedition led by Gnther Hauser, via the East Ridge. The summit party comprised 11 members of the expedition.

Annapurna South (also known as Annapurna Dakshin, or Moditse) was first climbed in 1964 by a Japanese expedition, via the North Ridge. The summit party comprised S. Uyeo and Mingma Tsering.

Hiunchuli (6,441 m/21,126 ft) is a satellite peak extending east from Annapurna South, Hiunchuli was first climbed in 1971 by an expedition led by U.S. Peace Corps Volunteer Craig Anderson.

Machapuchare (6,993m/22,943ft) is another important peak of the Annapurna Himal, though it just misses the 7,000 metre mark. Machapuchare and Hiunchuli are prominently visible from the valley of Pokhara. These peaks are the "gates" to the Annapurna Sanctuary leading to the immense south face of Annapurna I.


Itinerary: A
Day 01: Arrive Kathmandu & Transfer to Hotel
Day 02: Kathmandu, Prepare expedition
Day 03: Kathmandu - Briefing in Ministry
Day 04: Drive to Pokhara - Beni & Galeshowe
Day 05: Galeshor - Tatopani
Day 06: Tatopani - Ghasa
Day 07: Ghasa to Lete and River side
Day 08: River side to Jungle camp
Day 09: Jungle camp to Miristi Khola
Day 10: Miristi Khala - Annapurna North Base camp
Day 11-40: Climbing Peried of Annapurna 1 (8091m)
Day 41: Annapurna Base camp to Miristi Khola
Day 42: Miristi Khola - Jungle Camp
Day 43: Jungle Camp to Lete
Day 44: Late to Tatopani
Day 45: Tatopani - Beni
Day 46: Beni to Pokhara by drive
Day 47: Pokhara
Day 48: Drive to fly to Kathmandu
Day 49: Kathmandu
Day 50: Final Departure

Itinerary: B
Day 01: Arrive Kathmandu & Transfer to Hotel
Day 02: Kathmandu, Prepare expedition
Day 03: Kathmandu - Briefing in Ministry
Day 04: Drive to Pokhara
Day 05: Pokhara to fly with MI 17 Helicopter to Annapurna 1 North side base camp
20 April - 24 May 2009 Day 06-40: Climbing Peried of Annapurna 1 (8091m)
25 May 2009 Day 41: Fly from Annapurna B.C to Pkhara by MI 17 Helicopter
26 May 2009 Day 42: Pokhara
27 May 2009 Day 43: Drive to fly to Kathmandu
28 May 2009 Day 44: Kathmandu
29 May 2009 Day 45: Final Departure


Cost includes:

  • 5 Nights accommodation in Kathmandu with bed & Breakfast (3 star Hotel)
  • Insurance for Nepalese expedition crew.
  • 1 tent for 1 person for Expedition
  • Food for Trekking and Expedition period
  • Staff: Base camp Guide , Cook, Cook helper
  • Permit fee of Annapurna 1 (8091m) Expedition
  • Equipment allowance, daily allowance for Liaison officer, expedition crew
  • Drive Kathmandu - Pokhara & Beni
  • Emergency Oxygen -Mask and regulator
  • Porters from Galeshor to Annapurna North Base camp
  • Mat, dining tent, Toilet tent, Mess tent, Store tent, Table and chairs trekking for the expedition
  • Local transportation in Kathmandu (Airport-hotel-airport)
  • Satellite phone (Pay calls)
  • Well dinner

Cost does not include:

  • PERSONAL equipment for climbing & trekking
  • Personal & medical Insurance of expedition
  • Climbing food, Gas & stove above Base camp
  • Lunch & dinner in Kathmandu
  • Emergency Rescue evacuation by helicopter incase needed
  • Walki Takie permit & Satellite phone permit
  • Oxygen & Mask -regulator for climbing
  • Personal expenses
  • Bar Bills & beverage
Trek Facts

Trip duration: 47 Days
Grade: Challenging
Activity: Sightseeing, trekking & Mountaineering
Starts in: Kathmandu
Ends in: Kathmandu
Accommodation: Hotel, camping
Transportation: Flights, private car or tourist bus
Maximum altitude: 8091M

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